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Scaling & Root Planing

Root planing and scaling are crucial dental procedures aimed at treating gum disease and restoring gum health. They form the cornerstone of non-surgical periodontal therapy, addressing the buildup of plaque, tartar, and bacteria both above and below the gum line.

Performed by a dentist or periodontist, root planing targets the areas where gum disease has caused the gums to pull away from the teeth, forming pockets. These pockets can become breeding grounds for bacteria, leading to further inflammation and damage if left untreated.

During the root planing process, the dentist or periodontist uses specialized instruments to access and clean the root surfaces of your teeth thoroughly. This meticulous cleaning helps to eliminate bacteria and toxins, allowing the gums to heal and reattach to the teeth properly.

Root planing is typically done in conjunction with scaling, which involves removing plaque and tartar from the tooth surfaces above the gum line. Together, scaling and root planing form the foundation of non-surgical periodontal therapy, aiming to halt the progression of gum disease and prevent tooth loss.

Reasons for root planing and scaling:

  • Reduce inflammation and swelling of the gums.
  • Halt the progression of gum disease.
  • Prevent tooth loss by promoting gum reattachment.
  • Improve overall oral health and hygiene.
  • Enhance the effectiveness of at-home oral care routines.

What does getting root planing and scaling involve?

  1. Assessment: Your dentist or periodontist will assess the extent of gum disease through X-rays and a thorough examination.
  2. Local Anesthesia: Local anesthesia is administered to ensure patient comfort during the procedure.
  3. Scaling: The first step involves removing plaque and tartar from the tooth surfaces above the gum line using manual or ultrasonic instruments.
  4. Root Planing: Following scaling, root planing targets the areas below the gum line, where gum disease has caused pockets to form. This involves deep cleaning of the roots of the teeth to remove plaque, tartar, and bacteria.
  5. Multiple Visits: Root planing and scaling require multiple visits to complete the procedure effectively.
  6. Prescription: Antibiotics or antimicrobial mouth rinses may be prescribed after the procedure to control infection and aid in healing.
  7. Instructions: Patients receive instructions on proper oral hygiene practices to maintain the results of the treatment.
  8. Follow-Up Appointments: Regular follow-up appointments are essential to monitor gum health and ensure the effectiveness of the treatment.

With good oral hygiene habits and ongoing professional care, root planing and scaling can help restore gum health and preserve natural teeth for years to come.

Other procedures:

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